Egypt, place situated in the northeastern corner of Africa. Egypt’s heartland, the Nile River valley and delta, was the house of among the list of principal civilizations from the ancient Center East and, like Mesopotamia farther east, was the site of one of the world’s earliest city and literate societies. Pharaonic Egypt thrived for a few 3,000 many years via a number of native dynasties which were interspersed with quick periods of overseas rule. After Alexander The nice conquered the region in 323 BC.
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Egypt’s land frontiers border Libya for the west, Sudan to the south, and Israel on the northeast. Egypt’s border with Sudan is notable for two spots, the Hala’ib Triangle alongside the Pink Sea and Bir Tawil more inland, that are subject matter to differing claims by the two nations around the world (see Researcher’s Be aware). From the north its Mediterranean coastline is about:
- 620 miles (one,000 km),
- within the east its coastline about the Purple Sea and the Gulf of Aqaba is about 1,200 miles (1,900 km).
The Nile valley and delta
The Nile delta, or Lessen Egypt, handles a region of nine,650 sq. miles (twenty five,000 sq km).
It can be about a hundred miles (a hundred and sixty km) long from Cairo towards the Mediterranean, using a coastline stretching some one hundred fifty miles (240 km) from Alexandria to here Port Mentioned.
As a lot of as seven branches from the river as soon as flowed with the delta, but its waters are now concentrated in two
- the Damietta Department
- the Rosetta Department
However absolutely flat aside from an occasional mound projecting through the alluvium, the delta is much from featureless; it can be crisscrossed by a maze of canals and drainage channels
The Jap Desert
The Eastern Desert comprises almost a person-fourth on the land surface of Egypt and handles a place of about eighty five,690 square miles (221,900 square km).
The northern tier is often a limestone plateau consisting of:
- rolling hills
- stretching from your Mediterranean coastal simple to a point about opposite Qinā about the Nile.
Close to Qinā, the plateau breaks up into cliffs about one,600 toes (500 metres) significant and is deeply scored by wadis, which make the terrain very hard to traverse.
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